山东板式换热器

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各种换热器简介技术问答

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各种换热器简介技术问答

发布日期:2018-11-30 作者:化工707 点击:

1.换热设备如何分类?


沙巴体育注册DA:AN《SHIYOUHUAGONGZONGGONGSISHEBEIFENLEIMULU》KEFENWEI:


(1)管壳式换热器


(2)TAOGUANSHIHUANREQI


(3)SHUIJINSHIHUANREQI


(4)PENLINSHIHUANREQI


沙巴体育注册(5)HUIZHUAN(SHEGUAN)SHIHUANREQI


(6)板式换热器


(7)BANCHISHIHUANREQI


(8)GUANCHISHIHUANREQI


(9)FEIREGUOLU


(10)QITA


2.换热器是如何传热的?


DA:ZAIZUIPUBIANDEJIANBISHIHUANREQIZHONG,ZHUYAOSHICHUANDAOHEDUILIULIANGZHONGCHUANREFANGSHI。RELIUTIXIANYONGDUILIUJIREDEFANGSHIJIANGRELIANGCHUANJIGUANBIDEYICE,ZAIYICHUANDAODEFANGSHIJIANGRELIANGCONGGUANBIYICECHUANGUOLINGYICE,ZUIHOUGUANBILINGYICEYOUYIDUILIUJIREFANGSHIJIANGRELIANGCHUANJILELENGLIUTI,CONGERWANCHENGLEHUANREQIDECHUANREGUOCHENG。


3.介质流速对换热效果有何影响?


DA:JIEZHIZAIHUANREQINEIDELIUSUYUEDA,QICHUANREXISHUYEYUEDA。YINCITIGAOJIEZHIZAIHUANREQINEIDELIUSUKEYIDADATIGAOHUANREXIAOGUO,DANZENGJIALIUSUDAILAIDEFUMIANYINGXIANGSHIZENGDALETONGGUOHUANREQIDEYALIJIANG,ZENGJIALEBENGDENENGLIANGXIAOHAO,SUOYIYAOYOUYIDINGDESHIYIFANWEI。


4.换热管表面结构对换热效果有何影响?


沙巴体育注册DA:CAIYONGTESHUSHEJIDEHUANREGUANBIAOMIANJIEGOU,RUCHIPIANGUAN,DINGTOUGUAN,LUOWENGUANDENG,YIFANGMIANZENGDALECHUANREMIANJI,LINGYIFANGMIANTESHUBIAOMIANDERAOLIUZUOYONGDADAZENGJIALEGUANWAILIUTIDETUANLIUCHENGDU,LIANGFANGMIANDOUNENGTIGAOHUANREQIDEZHENGTIHUANREXIAOGUO,SUOYIZHEIXIEBIAOMIANJIEGOUYAOBIGUANGGUANBIAOMIANDEXINGNENGYOUYI。


5.换热管表面除垢目前常用有那些方法?


DA:HUANREGUANBIAOMIANCHUGOUCHANGYONGFANGFAYOU:


机械除垢沙巴体育注册:钢钎人工清垢、压力水清垢


化学除垢


6.换热管表面防垢有那些方法?


DA:(1)NIELINDU


(2)HUAXUETUCENG,847TULIAO


7.换热设备强化传热有那些常用方法?


DA:HUANRESHEBEIQIANGHUACHUANREDEZHUYAOFANGFA


一是采用增大传热表面的结构,如


1CAIYONGCHIPIANGUAN,DINGTOUGUAN,LUOWENGUAN,BOWENGUANDENG


2GUANBIAOMIANJINXINGJIXIEJIAGONG:LUOHUANGUAN、LUOXUANCAOGUAN、LUOWENGUANDENG


沙巴体育注册3CAIYONGXIAOGUANJINGGUANZI,KEZENGJIAXIANGTONGGUANBANMIANJISHANGDEBUGUANSHU,ZENGDACHUANREMIANJI


二是增加流体在换热器内的流速,可以大大提高其传热系数,如:


1ZENGSHERAOLIUZI,RUZAIGUANZHONGCHARULUOXUANDAI,GUANWAISHEZHIZHELIUBAN,JIAGUANDENG。


2ZENGJIAGUANCHENGHUOQIAOCHENGSHUMU。


LINGWAI,CAIYONGDAOREXINGNENGLIANGHAODECAILIAOLAIZHIZAOHUANREQI,ZUOHAOHUANREQIFANGFUFANGGOUCUOSHI,JISHIQINGGOUDENGDOUSHITIGAOCHUANREXIAOGUODESHOUDUAN。


8.列管式换热器检修时,对堵管的数目有什么要求?


DA:GUANSHUGEBIEGUANZIFUSHICHUANKONGYUNXUYONGJINGGUOJIAGONGDEYUANZHUIDUWEI3~5°DEJINSHUZHUSAIDUSI。YIBANZAITONGYIGUANCHENGNEI,DUSIDEGUANSHUBUCHAOGUOZONGGUANSHUDE10%,DANGENJUGONGYISHANGDEYAOQIU,KEYISHIDANGZENGJIA。


9.为什么管板两侧的垫片必须选用同一种材料?


DA:YINWEIGUANBANLIANGCEDEFALANJINGULUOSHUANSHITONGYILUOSHUAN,SHIJIAZAIGUANBANLIANGCEDIANPIANDEBIYASHIYIYANGDE。RUGUOLIANGCELIANGCEDIANPIANXUANZEBUTONGCAILIAO,BIRANSHIQIZHONGYICEDIANPIANBIYABUGOUERZAOCHENGMIFENGSHIXIAOHUOLINGYICEDEDIANPIANBIYAGUODAERZAOCHENGMIFENGSHIXIAO,YINCIGUANBANLIANGCEDEDIANPIANBIXUXUANYONGTONGYIZHONGCAILIAO。


10.冷却水换热器为什么会产生水垢?


DA:SHUIGOUSHIYOUSHUIZHONGDERONGJIEYANLEIJIEJINGXICHU,FUZHEYUHUANREQIGUANBISHANGERXINGCHENGDE,TADETEDIANSHIMISHIJIANYING,FUZHELAOGU,QINGCHUKUNNAN。SHUIZHONGDALIANGCUNZAIDEXUANFULIZIKEYICHENGWEIJINGZHONG,QITAZAZHILIZI,XIJUN,CUCAODEJINSHUBIAOMIANDENGDOUDUIJIEJINGGUOCHENGYOUQIANGLIEDECUIHUAZUOYONG,DADAJIANGDILEJIEJINGXICHUSUOXUDEGUOBAOHEDU,YINCILENGQUESHUIHUANREQIHENRONGYICHANSHENGSHUIGOU。


11.浮头式换热器有那些主要部件?


DA:ZHUYAOBUJIANYOU:GUANSHU,ZHELIUBAN,FANGCHONGBAN,LAGAN,DINGJUGUAN,QIAOTI,GUANXIANG,GUANBAN,JINKOUFALAN,CHUKOUFALAN,FUDONGGUANBAN,FUTOUFALAN,FUTOUGAI,FUTOUGOUQUAN,FUTOUDIANPIAN,WAITOUGAIFALAN,WAITOUGAICEFALAN,WAITOUGAI,WAITOUGAIDIANPIAN,FANGQIKOU,PAIYEKOU,GUANXIANGFALAN,GUANXIANGCEFALAN,GUANXIANGDIANPIAN,GUANXIANGCEDIANPIAN,GUDINGANZUO,HUODONGANZUO。


12.固定管板式换热器有哪些主要部件?


DA:ZHUYAOBUJIANYOU:GUANSHU,ZHELIUBAN,LAGAN,DINGJUGUAN,QIAOTI,GUANXIANG(DINGGAI),GUANBAN,JINKOUFALAN,CHUKOUFALAN,GUANXIANGFALAN,GUANXIANGDIANPIAN,GUDINGANZUO,HUODONGANZUO,ERSHIZHIZUO,PENGZHANGJIE。


13.U型管换热器有哪些主要部件?


沙巴体育注册DA:ZHUYAOBUJIANYOU:UXINGGUANSHU,ZHELIUBAN,FANGCHONGBAN(NEIDAOLIUTONG),LAGAN,DINGJUGUAN,QIAOTI,GUANXIANG,GUANBAN,JINKOUFALAN,CHUKOUFALAN,GUANXIANGFALAN,GUANXIANGCEFALAN,GUANXIANGDIANPIAN,GUANXIANGCEDIANPIAN,GUDINGANZUO,HUODONGANZUO。


14.套管式换热器有哪些主要部件?


沙巴体育注册DA:TAOGUANSHIHUANREQIZHUYAOBUJIANYOU:NEIGUAN,WAIGUAN,HUIWANTOU


15.水浸式换热器有哪些主要部件?


DA:SHUIJINSHIHUANREQIZHUYAOBUJIANYOU:JINKOUGUAN,CHUKOUGUAN,JIHEGUAN,SHEGUAN,LENGQUESHUIXIANG。


16.喷淋式换热器有哪些主要部件?


DA:PENLINSHIHUANREQIZHUYAOBUJIANYOU:GUANSHU,FENGJI,SHUIPENZUI,PAISHUIGUAN,JISHUIBENG。


17.固定管板式换热器,U型管式换热器,浮头式换热器各有什么特点?


DA:GUDINGGUANBANSHIHUANREQIDETEDIANSHIJIEGOUJINCOU,JIANDAN,ZAOJIADI,ZAIXIANGTONGDEQIAOJINGNEIBUGUANSHUZUIDUO,DANGUANGENGHUANWEIXIUFANGBIAN,GUANNEIQINGXIFANGBIAN,DANGUANWAIQINGXIJIAOKUNNAN,GUANZIYUQIAOTIWENCHAYINGLIDA。UXINGGUANSHIHUANREQIDETEDIANSHIJIEGOUJIAOJIANDAN,WUWENCHAYINGLIWENTI,LIUTILIUSUDA,JINSHUHAOLIANGSHAO,SHIYONGGAOWENGAOYALIUTI,GUANSHUKECHOUCHUBIANYUQINGSAOQIAOCHENGJIGUANJIAN,DANGUANNEIWANTOUBUYIQINGSAO,GUANBANSHANGBUGUANSHUSHAO,GUANJIANJUDA,GUANSHUZHONGXINYOUJIANXI,GUANWAILIUTIYIZOUDUANLU。FUTOUSHIHUANREQIDETEDIANSHIGUANSHUKEZIYOUYIDONG,WUWENCHAYINGLIWENTI,GUANSHUKEZIYOUCHOUCHU,BIANYUQINGXIGUANWAIHEGUANSHU,DANFUTOUJIEGOUFUZA,ZAOJIAGAO,FUTOUCHUMIFENGYAOQIUJIAOYANGE,YUNXINGSHIFUTOUCHUYIXIELOUQIEBUYIJIANCHAFAXIAN。


18.固定管板式换热器适用于哪些地方?


DA:GUDINGGUANBANSHIHUANREQISHIYONGYUQIAOCHENGJIEZHIQINGJIE,BUYIJIEGOU,JIEZHIWENCHABIJIAOXIAODECHANGHE。


19.U型管式换热器适用于哪些地方?


DA:UXINGGUANSHIHUANREQISHIYONGYUGUANQIAOBIWENCHAJIAODA,GUANNEIZOUQINGJIEJIEZHIDEGAOWENGAOYADECHANGHE


20.浮头式换热器适用于哪些地方?


DA:FUTOUSHIHUANREQISHIYONGYUGUANQIAOWENCHAJIAODA,JIEZHIBUQINGJIE,XUJINGCHANGQINGXIDECHANGHE。


21.列管式换热器的排列有三角形排列和正方形转45°角排列,为什么?


DA:SANJIAOXINGPAILIEHEZHENGFANGXINGZHUAN45°JIAOPAILIEGEYOUQIYOUQUEDIAN。SANJIAOXINGPAILIEDEYOUDIANSHIJINCOU,CHUANREXIAOLVGAO,ZAITONGYANGDEGUANBANMIANJISHANGPAIGUANSHUZUIDUO,BIZHENGFANGXINGPAILIEYUEDUO15%,DANBUYIQINGXIGUANZIWAIBIAOMIAN;ERZHENGFANGXINGZHUAN45°JIAOPAILIEQINGXIGUANZIWAIBIAOMIANJIAOFANGBIAN,DANPAIGUANSHULIANGBISANJIAOXINGPAILIESHAODEDUO。


22.列管式换热器中常用列管的材料有哪些?


沙巴体育注册DA:CHANGYONGLIEGUANDECAILIAOYOU:10# ,20#,12CrMo,15CrMo,0Cr13,1Cr13,1Cr5Mo,0Cr18Ni9Ti,1Cr18Ni9Ti,TAIGUAN,410,321,DENGDENG


23.列管式换热器中,为什么管径分别选用φ32,φ25,φ19,φ16?


DA:GUANJINGDEDAXIAOHUIZHIJIEYINGXIANGHUANREQIDEXINGNENG。GUANJINGXIAO,JIREXISHUDA,ZAIXIANGTONGRONGJINEIYOUXIAOCHUANREMIANJIYEDA。ZHEIYANGJIKESHIJIEGOUJINCOU,YOUJIESHENGCAILIAO。DANGUANJINGGUOXIAOSHIYEHUIDAILAIBULIYINGXIANG,DUIYUXIANGTONGLIUSUDELIUTI,GUANJINGYUEXIAO,LIUDONGSHISHOUDAODEZULIYUEDA,QIYALISUNSHIYESUIZHIZENGJIA,CIWAIGUOXIDEGUANZIHAIRONGYIBEIWUWUDUSAI,SHIDEQINGSAOKUNNAN,YINCIHUANREQIDEGUANJINGYIBANWEI16HAOMIZHI32HAOMI。


24.为什么换热器支座的螺栓孔有圆形的,也有长条圆形的?


DA:GUDINGZHIZUOSHANGDELUOSHUANKONGSHIYUANXINGDE,MUDESHIWEILENENGBAQIAOTIJINJINGUDINGZAIJICHUSHANG。HUODONGZHIZUOSHANGDELUOSHUANKONGSHIZHANGTIAOYUANXINGDE,MUDESHISHIQIAOTISHOUDAOWENDUBIANHUASHINENGZIYOUDESHENSUO,BIMIANCHANSHENGJIAODADEYINGLI,YIBAOHUSHEBEI。


25.常用的换热器垫片有哪些?


DA:CHANGYONGDEHUANREQIDIANPIANYOUNAIYOUSHIMIANDIAN,TIEBAODIAN,BOCHIDIAN,JINSHUDIAN


26.浮头式换热器小浮头螺栓选用要注意哪些问题?


(1)ZHANGDU


(2)SHIH2SYINGLIFUSHI


(3)WENDU


27.列管式换热器中折流板(折流杆)有什么作用?


沙巴体育注册DA:HUANREQIZHONGZHELIUBAN(ZHELIUGAN)KEYIQIDAOGAIBIANQIAOCHENGNEILIUTIDELIUXIANG,TIGAOQIAOCHENGNEILIUTIDELIUSU,ZENGJIAJIEZHIDETUANLIUCHENGDU,TIGAOCHUANREXIAOLVYIJIZHICHENGGUANSHUDEZUOYONG。


28.为什么列管式换热器有单管程,两管程,四管程,六管程,八管程?


沙巴体育注册DA:DANGHUANREQIDEZONGGUANSHUXIANGTONGSHI,ZENGJIAGUANCHENGSHUKEYISHIMEICHENGGUANZIZHONGDELIUSUBIANDA,YINCIKEYIZENGJIAJIREXISHUHEJIANSHAOSUOXUCHUANREMIANJI。DANTONGSHIYEZENGDALEYALIJIANG,BINGSHILIUTIBUNENGQUANYINILIUFANGSHIHUANRE,ERQIEHUANREQIJIEGOUGENGJIAFUZA。SUOYIYIBANCAIYONGDEGUANCHENGSHUBUSHAOYU2,BUDAYU8,JUTIYINGGENJUSHIJIGONGYIYAOQIULAIXUANZE。


29.列管式换热器内漏有哪些原因引起?


DA:HUANREQINEILOUKENENGYOUYIXIAYUANYIN:


HUANREGUANFUSHICHUANKONG,HUODUANLIE


GUANKOUFUSHIJIANBOYINQIXIELOU


HUANREGUANYUGUANBANZHANGJIECHUSONGDONG


沙巴体育注册HUANREGUANYUGUANBANHANJIECHUCHANSHENGLIEWEN,QIKONGHUOFUSHICHUANKONG


XIAOFUTOULUOSHUANSONGDONGHUODUANLIE


XIAOFUTOUDIANPIANSUNHUAI


XIAOFUTOUHUOFUDONGGUANBANMIFENGSUNHUAI


30.换热器检修后为什么要试水压?


DA:HUANREQIJIANXIUHOUSHISHUIYADEMUDESHIJIANCHAHUANREQISHIFOUYOUJUYOUANQUANDECHENGSHOUSHEJIYALIDENENGLI(JINAIYAQIANGDU),YANMIXING,JIEKOUHUOJIETOUDEZHILIANG,HANJIEZHILIANGHEMIFENGJIEGOUDEJINMICHENGDU。CIWAIHAIKEYIGUANCESHOUYAHOURONGQIHEGUANDAODEMUCAIHANFENGDECANYUBIANXINGLIANG,JISHIFAXIANCAILIAOCUNZAIDEWENTI。


31.列管式换热器安装位置为什么有些是立置,有些是卧置(卧式)?


DA:LIEGUANSHIHUANREQIYOUXIESHILIZHIERYOUXIESHIWOZHI,ZHUYAOCONGXIAMIANJIGEFANGMIANKAOLV:①SHENGCHANGONGYIYAOQIU:RUMOUXIEZHONGFEIQIXUYAOYIDINGDEJIEZHIYEWEIGAODU,RUOCAIYONGWOZHIHUANREQI,JIWUFADADAOYEWEIGAODUDEYAOQIU,YINCIBIXUXUANZELIZHIHUANREQI;②DAXINGHUA:RUGUOYIGEGONGYIDANYUANHUANREMIANJIXUYAOSHUQIANPINGFANGMI,RUOXUANZEREGUANZHANGDU6MIDEWOZHIHUANREQI,KENENGXUYAOSHUTAIHUANREQI,ZHANDIMIANJIJIAODA,BULIYUZHUANGZHIDEKONGJIANYOUXIAOBUZHI,RUOXUANZEHUANREGUANZHANGDU12MIDELIZHIHUANREQI,1TAIJIUKEYIJIEJUEWENTI;③JIANSHAOYALIJIANG:YOUXIESHENGCHANGONGYIYAOQIUJINLIANGJIANSHAOJIEZHISHUSONGGUOCHENGDEYALIJIANG,XUANZELIZHIHUANREQIBINGYUTAQIBINGLIEBUZHI,SHIQISUODUANYUTAQIDELIANJIEGUANXIAN,JIANSHAOYALIJIANG。


32.为什么有些地方选用套管式换热器,水浸式换热器,而另一些地方选用列管式换热器?


DA:MUQIANLIANYOU、HUAGONGSHENGCHANZHUANGZHIXUANZEDEHUANRESHEBEI,DUOSHUWEILIEGUANSHIHUANREQI,DANZAIYIXIESHENGCHANZHUANGZHIZHONG,RENGBAOLIUYOUSHAOLIANGDETAOGUANSHIHUANREQI、SHUIJINSHIHUANREQI。LIEGUANSHIHUANREQISUIRANJIEGOUJINCOU,HUANREXIAOLVJIAOGAO,DANYOUYUHUANREGUANJIAOXIAO,RUOYONGYUHANYOUGUTIKELIDEJIEZHI,JIURONGYIZAOCHENGDUSAI。YINCIZAIHANYOUGUTIKELIDEJIEZHIDEDIFANG,YIBANXUANYONGTAOGUANSHIHUANREQIHUOSHUIJINSHIHUANREQI。

不锈钢管壳式换热器

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关键词:换热器介绍,各种换热器特点,换热器知识问答

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